Barcelona is a popular destination for travelers and the perfect place to visit for both urbanites and those seeking warm beaches. Find out about the sights, hotels, and transportation options in this article.
Map of Barcelona
Barcelona is a city located in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It has an estimated population of 1,632,000 as of 2016. The metropolitan area has a population of almost 3 million people. Barcelona was founded by the Romans in the 1st century BC and became an important port on the Mediterranean Sea.
The city expanded rapidly during the Middle Ages and became one of the most cosmopolitan and prosperous cities in Europe. Barcelona emerged as a global cultural center during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, playing a major role in the arts and fashion, finance, industry, media, entertainment and tourism. Today, it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world with more than 85 million visitors annually.
What to see in Barcelona?
The main attractions of Barcelona are its architecture and history. Nearly every corner of this bustling metropolis has something worth seeing – from Gothic cathedrals to ancient ruins to Modernist landmarks like La Pedrera or Gaudi’s Park Guell. A few hours wandering around should give you a good overview of what’s available; for a more detailed exploration, consult one of many recommended walking tours or rental bikes from local operators.
Map of Barcelona: A Travel Guide For Tourists Photo Gallery
History of Barcelona
Barcelona is a city with a long and complex history. Designed on a grid system by the Roman Emperor Septimus Severus in 193 AD, Barcelona became the capital of the province of Hispania Citerior. In the 8th century, Moorish invaders led by Abd al-Rahman I destroyed the city and its cathedral, but it was rebuilt under the rule of the Carolingian dynasty. In 1137, Barcelona was taken over by Alfonso I of Aragon, who made it his principality.
The city grew rapidly during this period as it became a hub for trade and commerce. However, in 1492, following the Christian reconquest of Spain, Barcelona was occupied by the troops of Genoese admiral Christopher Columbus who looted the city’s treasures.
In 1808 Napoleon installed his brother Joseph Bonaparte as King of Spain and Barcelona became part of the French Empire. The city changed hands repeatedly during the Peninsular War (1808-1814), finally falling to General Arthur Wellesley’s forces in 1814. This event marked the end of Spanish rule in Catalonia and began a period of Catalan autonomy which lasted until 1873 when Madrid restored direct control. In 1912, after an uprising in the city, the general strike led to the establishment of a Catalan republic under Francesc Macià.
In 1936, during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) Barcelona was divided into republican and pro-fascist sectors. When Republican forces were defeated by General Francisco Franco’s Nationalist troops in 1939, more than 300,000 people fled Catalonia to escape persecution. This dramatic exodus has become known as “La Gran Migración”. The Franco regime imposed repressive measures against Catalonia and its culture: books banned by his government included works by Ramon Llull and Joanot Martorell and over 500 Catalans received prison sentences for being associated with the Republic.
Attractions in Barcelona
Barcelona is a beautiful city with many attractions for tourists to explore. Here are some of the top items that tourists should check out when visiting Barcelona:
The Palace of Montjuic
This palace was built in 1929 and is an impressive sight. It has a large pool and gardens, as well as a number of other interesting features.
The Sagrada Familia
This church is one of the most famous buildings in Barcelona and has been under construction for over 100 years. It is still not completed, but it is a beautiful sight to see.
This street is a popular tourist destination because it has so many shops and restaurants. It also has a long history, and is known as the “Street of Love”.
Getting Around Barcelona
The best way to get around Barcelona is by foot. The city is small enough that everything can be seen on foot, and the streets are well-marked with signs.
Additionally, Barcelona’s public transportation system, known as Metro, is excellent and relatively cheap. You can purchase a T-10 travel card at any station, which will give you unlimited use of the Metro and buses for four hours.
One word of caution: Beware of pickpockets! Be especially vigilant in crowded areas such as Las Ramblas and Placa Reial.
Food and Drink in Barcelona
If you’re looking for a place to indulge in some delicious Catalan cuisine, you’ll want to check out one of Barcelona’s many restaurants. From tapas bars to upscale establishments, there’s something for everyone to enjoy when in the city.
taverna el baluard is a must-visit spot for seafood lovers. The menu includes items like grilled octopus and paella made with seafood from the nearby port. If tapas aren’t your thing, head to el Bulli, an experimental restaurant that has been awarded three Michelin stars.
No matter what your appetite may be, you’re sure to find something to eat in Barcelona. The city is famous for its pastries and desserts, so don’t forget to try some of the sweets on offer!
Annual Events in Barcelona
If you’re looking for something to do while in Barcelona, be sure to check out the city’s annual events. From wine festivals and street art exhibitions to classical music concerts and sporting events, there’s always something happening in Barcelona. Here are some of the most popular annual events:
Festa de la Mercè: This festival celebrates the city’s patron saint, Mercè, with a series of religious and cultural events. In September, there is a big parade through the streets of Barcelona followed by a variety of festivities at various venues around the city.
Fira de Benimaclet: This trade fair is one of the largest in Catalonia and takes place every October in Benimaclet near Barcelona. It features a wide range of exhibitors from all over the world, as well as entertainment, food courts, and children’s activities.
Fira d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona: Held every February at the Palau de la Musica i el Circo (Museum of Music and Circus), this event showcases cutting-edge contemporary art from around the world. There are also musical performances and exhibitions of photography and sculpture.
Barcelona is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, and for good reason. The city has an amazing history, stunning architecture, and exciting culture all wrapped up into one captivating package. Whether you are a first-time visitor or you have been to Barcelona before, our travel guide will help make your stay even more enjoyable. From recommendations on where to eat and drink to helpful tips on how to get around the city quickly and efficiently, this guide has everything you need to enjoy your time in Barcelona. So what are you waiting for? Start planning your trip today!
Maybe You Like Them Too
- Map of Aurora (Illinois) – Aurora – Illinois Travel Guide For Tourists
- A Map Of The Location of Aveiro’s Top Attractions
- Map of Avellino – What to Do in Avellino, Best Places for Sightseeing
- Map of Avignon Where to Stay in Avignon – A Travel Guide
- Baltimore Travel Guide for Tourists: A Helpful Map of Baltimore City