Mauritania Travel Guide: A Tourist Perspective

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Planning a trip to a new country is exciting and stressful at the same time. There are so many things you have to think about, from getting your visas and vaccinations done beforehand, trying to find budget-friendly flights and accommodations, deciding what sights you want to see first, etc. However, in this article we provide a Mauritania Travel Guide for tourist – everything you need to know about getting around the country and what places to visit.

Map of Mauritania

Mauritania is located in the northwestern African region. The country is bordered by Algeria to the north, Mali to the east, Senegal to the south, and the Western Sahara to the west. Mauritania covers a total area of about 4,160 square kilometers.

The climate in Mauritania is hot and dry. The country experiences two seasons: a hot, dry season from May to October and a rainy season from November to April.

The official language of Mauritania is Arabic. However, French is also widely spoken. There are about 24 million people living in Mauritania, making it one of the most populous countries in Africa.

nMauritania has several tourist destinations that include Nouakchott, Oualata, Zouar, and Aït Benhaddou. Nouakchott is the capital city of Mauritania and it is home to a number of historical sites including the Presidential Palace and Fort Louis du Sénégal. Oualata is known for its pink sand beaches and crystal-clear waters.

Mauritania Travel Guide: A Tourist Perspective Photo Gallery


Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa that is known for its beautiful beaches and desert landscapes. The country is also known for its friendly people, rich culture, and delicious food. Whether you’re looking to relax on the beach or explore the ancient city of Nouakchott, Mauritania has something for everyone. Here are five reasons why you should travel to Mauritania:

1. The beaches are world-renowned. There are numerous stretches of sand that are perfect for swimming, sunbathing, and kayaking. If you’re looking for a more secluded beach experience, head to Lalla Essaouira.

2. The country’s culture is unique and fascinating. Mauritania was once home to a powerful Islamic empire, and the architecture and monuments from this time period can be found throughout the country. As you wander through the cities and villages, be sure to check out the local markets where you can buy traditional crafts like handbags and jewelry.

3. The cuisine is simply amazing. Mauritanian food is varied and delicious, featuring dishes such as lamb kebabs and chicken shawarma sandwiches.

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A Brief History of Mauritania

Mauritania is a small country located in the north-west corner of Africa. The area now known as Mauritania was once inhabited by Berber tribes and was first explored by the Portuguese in the 15th century. In the 18th century, the French expanded their control over the area and Mauritania became a protectorate of France. The country achieved independence in 1960 and became a Republic in 1968.

Mauritania’s economy is based primarily on phosphate mining, fishing, and tourism. The government has tried to diversify the economy by establishing factories, but these have not been successful due to a lack of resources and poor infrastructure. Tourism is growing rapidly, however, and is now the country’s leading source of income.

The people of Mauritania are Muslim, and Arabic is the official language. There are small pockets of Christians and animists, but Christianity is declining in popularity due to religious persecution from the government. Mauritania has few natural resources, making it one of the poorest countries in the world.

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Major Cities of Mauritania

With a population of over five million people, Mauritania’s capital city Nouakchott is the largest and most populated city in the country. Nouakchott is also the commercial center of Mauritania and home to most of the country’s businesses and institutions. The other major cities in Mauritania are Hodh Ech Chargui, Siguiri, and Oualata.

The climate in Mauritania is hot and dry with average temperatures ranging from 33 degrees Celsius (91 degrees Fahrenheit) during the day to 24 degrees Celsius (75 degrees Fahrenheit) at night. The country is covered mostly by sand dunes which can make travelling through the country difficult. However, there are several good roads that connect all the major cities.

Mauritania has a rich culture with a history dating back thousands of years. The Mauritanian people are Muslim and Arabic is the official language. The majority of the population practices Sunni Islam although there is also a small Christian community. Mauritania’s main religions are Islam and Christianity which have both played an important role in shaping the culture of Mauritania.

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Tourist Attractions

If you’re looking for a truly unique African adventure, take a trip to Mauritania. With its untamed deserts, vast oceans, and bustling cities, this country has something for everyone. Here are some of the most popular tourist attractions in Mauritania:

1. Nouakchott – the capital city and cultural center of Mauritania, Nouakchott is home to an impressive array of mosques and palaces dating back to centuries past. The city also has a lively nightlife scene with many nightclubs and bars located in its vibrant downtown district.

2. Atar – One of the oldest settlements in Mauritania, Atar is situated on the banks of the Blue Nile River and features several impressive ancient ruins including a temple dedicated to Hathor, one of the main goddesses in Ancient Egyptian religion.

3. La Garenne-Colombes – This UNESCO World Heritage Site is home to one of the world’s largest collections of pre-Columbian rock art. The paintings can be found all over the property but are particularly concentrated around two large pools – one sacred to the Aztec god Huitzilopochtli and the other dedicated to Venus and Mars.

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Places to Stay in Mauritania

There are many different places to stay in Mauritania depending on budget and needs. Here are a few recommendations:

-Hotel Bellagio: This hotel is located in the capital city of Nouakchott and is reasonably priced for the quality of service you receive.

-Camping: Camping is a great option if you want to get away from it all and experience Mauritania’s stunning landscapes and wildlife. It’s also an affordable way to stay while on your trip.

-Bed and Breakfast: If you’re looking for a more personalized experience, bed and breakfasts are a great option in Mauritania. These establishments offer high-quality service at a fraction of the price of hotels.

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Best Time to Travel to Mauritania

When is the best time to travel to Mauritania?

Mauritania is a great destination year-round. However, the best time to visit is between November and April, when the weather is warm and dry and there are few tourists.


Mauritania is an amazing country with a rich history and culture. Throughout this travel guide, I will share with you some tips on how to make the most of your trip and what to expect while visiting Mauritania. From exploring the highlights of Nouakchott and Port Louis to enjoying a rural journey in Tiris Zemmour, I have covered all the bases that will make your visit to Mauritania unforgettable. So don’t wait any longer, take the plunge and plan your trip to Mauritania today!

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