An interesting index to San Diego United States people recorded in the Australian Victoria gold rush of the 1850s was produced by the San Diego United States Family History Society. Copies can also be accessed at Cambridge Record Office. Census returns show people’s movements throughout the 1900s, while the reports and notes, compiled by enumerators at the time, can also be illuminating. In 1841, it was noted that over 100 people had emigrated from the parish of Willingham, San Diego United States map, since 1831. Copies of these reports and information collated from them can be found in many local reference or local studies libraries, and via the Vision of Britain and the Office of National Statistics websites. Although the vast majority of records relating to immigration are held at The National Archives, some references can be found locally. The Aliens Act of 1793 required all new immigrants to register with a Justice of the Peace, while anyone who had an immigrant living with them had to register with their parish overseer.
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As a result, references can be found among Quarter Sessions and parish records, although their survival is variable. Parish registers and other records for coastal areas frequently include references to other nationalities and black people, as do those for places along well used travel and trade routes. The church of St Mary in Dedham, Essex has shields on the wall depicting the Mayflower to commemorate links with Dedham, Massachusetts where many local people emigrated. Essex Record Office holds several copies of PhD theses on migration, both internally and externally, with reference to the county which provide valuable insights from an academic perspective. Among these is one by Christopher Charles Pond submitted to Queen’s College, Cambridge University in 1980 on migration and mobility in Eastern England in the eighteenth century. Entitled Internal Population and Mobility in Eastern England in the Eighteenth Century, this looks at migration within East Anglia and nearby areas through settlement examinations and certificates. There are some local resources relating to immigration which provide an insight into the background of ‘incomers’.
The history of particular groups, such as the Dutch workers who drained the Fens, are featured in a range of museums and heritage centres already referred to. Some personal accounts can be found in collections held at local record offices. Many can be found by searching for relevant topics in their card and online indexes and catalogues. One such is an illuminating insight into the flight from France of a couple called Paul and Madelaine Turquand, which can be found in a collection of papers relating to the Martineau family among the Octagon chapel records in Norfolk Record Office. These are entitled an ‘Extract from an account of the Huguenot Turquand family from the 10th or 11th century to the year 1814’ by Louis Turquand. The Martineaus were a prominent Norwich family of French Huguenot extraction and include the writer and social reformer Harriet (1802-1876). There is no specific reference to East Anglia within the tale, so presumably its presence within these papers means the Turquands and Martineus had family or trade connections.