The Austrian town of Hallstatt in the Salzkammergut Lake District home to the
oldest Salt Mine in the World
Before the end of World War I Austria had renounced its empire, so when the independent state of German Austria was established on October 21, 1918 it only claimed German speaking regions of the former Empire. The newly formed nation asked for union with Germany. France and Italy opposed the merger and forced German Austria to remain independent. The Treaty of St. German, which was the peace treaty between Austria and the allies after World War I, did not impose war reparations on Austria as it have given up its Empire before the war’s end. This treaty also prevented the Austrians from uniting with Germany and gave them a new name the “Republic of Austria”. After the war Austria did not have a strong national identity and thought of themselves as German, now they would
Detailed Map Of Austria With Cities Photo Gallery
have to create their own nation.
Austria Map Of Europe
The Treaty of St. German took from Austria the German speaking parts of Bohemia and Moravia, known as the Sudetenland and gave them to the newly formed nation of Czechoslovakia. Austria did however gain German speaking parts of Hungary known as Burgenland. Hungary was now also an independent country. Austria also lost the southern part of the County of Tyrol (now South Tyrol) to Italy. Carniola (today’s Slovenia) and Croatia became part of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes which became known as Yugoslavia in 1929. The parts of Poland that had been partitioned by the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Germany and Russia were reunited into an independent Poland.
Austria was in terrible economic shape after the war. High inflation led to the creation of a new currency. Vienna was hit the hardest as they depended upon Hungary for their food supply and upon the Czech lands for coal. When Hungary and Czechoslovakia refused to supply food and coal to Austria many Austrians were kept alive by Allied food aid. The Spanish influenza epidemic hit Austria and many other parts of Europe after the war making matters worse.
Austria On Map Of Europe Detailed Map Of Austria
The socialist Karl Renner was appointed as Austria’s first chancellor he managed to led the country and avoid a Bolshevik revolution that occurred in Hungary and Bavaria. Marxist were active in Austria early on as the Community Party formed in November of 1918. However relatively few Austrian’s voted communist. Revolutionary attempts by the communist were quelled by the police after the Hungarian government fell to communism in 1919 and the communist threat in Austria had diminished.